In 1856, the Republicans became a national party when John C. Fremont was nominated for President under the slogan: "Free soil, free labor, free speech, free men, Fremont." Even though they were considered a "third party" because the Democrats and Whigs represented the two-party system at the time, Fremont received 33% of the vote. Four years later, Abraham Lincoln became the first Republican to win the White House.
Some major Republican Party highlights:
Thirteenth Amendment, outlawed slavery.
Fourteenth, guaranteed equal protection under the law.
Fifteenth, helped secure voting rights for African-Americans.
Leading role in securing women the right to vote.
First woman elected to Congress was a Republican.
Since 1952 most Presidents were Republican.
Republicans in office when we won the Cold War.
Today - World's only superpower.
Behind all the elected officials and the candidates of any political party are thousands of hard-working staff and volunteers who raise money, lick the envelopes, and make the phone calls that every winning campaign must have. The national structure of our party starts with the Republican National Committee. Each state has its own Republican State Committee with a Chairman and staff. The Republican structure goes right down to the neighborhoods, where a Hall County Republican precinct captain every Election Day organizes Republican workers to get out the vote.
The symbol of the Republican Party is the elephant. During the mid term elections way back in 1874, Democrats tried to scare voters into thinking President Grant would seek to run for an unprecedented third term. Thomas Nast, a cartoonist for Harper's Weekly, depicted a Democratic jackass trying to scare a Republican elephant - and both symbols stuck.
For a long time Republicans have been known as the "G.O.P." And party faithfuls thought it meant the "Grand Old Party." But apparently the original meaning (in 1875) was "gallant old party." And when automobiles were invented it also came to mean, "get out and push."
That's still a pretty good slogan for Republicans who depend every campaign year on the hard work of hundreds of thousands of volunteers to get out and vote and push people to support the causes of the Republican Party
The Republican Party believes in:
Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Low taxes and restrained spending.
Free Markets for liberty and prosperity.
Executive, legislative and judicial balance.
National security and public safety as top priorities.
Rights and responsibilities.
Religious voices being heard.
Citizens holding officials accountable.
Conserving the best in American Life