Health and Fitness
September 15, 2021From: American Red Cross Connecticut Chapter
Blood transfusions from donors who are Black may provide best outcomes for patients
Farmington, CT -- When patients living with sickle cell disease face a sickle cell crisis, blood transfusions can make a lifesaving difference. That’s why the American Red Cross has launched an initiative to grow the number of blood donors who are Black to help patients with sickle cell disease, an enduring and often invisible health disparity in the U.S.
Over 100,000 people in the U.S. have sickle cell disease, the most common inherited blood disorder, and the majority of patients are of African descent. Despite the discovery of the disease more than a century ago, there have been fewer health resources available to help those currently suffering from sickle cell crisis in comparison to similar diseases. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, people with sickle cell disease experience worse health outcomes than comparable diseases.
A closer blood match leads to better outcomes
Many patients with sickle cell disease will require regular blood transfusions to help manage their disease. Unfortunately, these patients may develop an immune response against blood from donors that is not closely matched to their own. Many individuals who are Black have distinct markers on their red blood cells that make their donations ideal for helping patients with sickle cell disease. More than half of blood donors who are Black have blood that is free of C, E and K antigens – making them the best match for those with sickle cell disease.
The Red Cross asks members of the Black community to join in helping to address this health disparity and meet the needs of patients with sickle cell disease. Donors can take action today by scheduling a blood donation appointment at RedCrossBlood.org, by downloading the Blood Donor App or by calling 1-800-RED CROSS. To help tackle the need for blood in September – Sickle Cell Awareness Month − all donors who come to give with the Red Cross Sept. 13-30 will receive a limited-edition football-themed T-shirt, while supplies last.
Sickle cell disease distorts soft, round blood cells and turns them hard and crescent-shaped, which can cause extreme pain. When hardened, the cells can get caught in blood vessels, potentially leading to stroke and organ failure.
“Transfusions provide healthy blood cells by replacing damaged cells and delivering oxygen,” said Dr. F. Bernadette West, Medical Director, American Red Cross Connecticut and Rhode Island Region. “By increasing the number of donors who can provide closely matched blood products, the Red Cross can help ensure that the right blood products are available at the right time for patients facing a sickle cell crisis – minimizing complications for those fighting sickle cell disease.”
Every transfusion counts
Seventeen-year-old Demarus Torrence loves comics and sci-fi movies, and he balances his work in high school while living with sickle cell disease. He endures monthly blood transfusions, and, at times, regular hospital stays to help with extreme pain and other complications. “Just imagine someone hitting your back with a hammer, constantly, and it just won’t stop,” says Demarus’ mother, Passion Terrell. “[Demarus] describes it, and you can picture it, but you really can’t.”
Demarus is the only person in his immediate family with the disease, though testing has revealed other family members carry the sickle cell trait. As a mother, Passion has made it her mission to care for her beloved son and to inspire others to give blood – especially individuals who are Black and people who have never donated. The family hosted a Red Cross blood drive at Demarus’ school this month to highlight that generous donations can mean a world of difference to people like him. “It’s amazing – once he gets that blood in him, it’s like a different person,” Passion said. “His breathing improves; his blood levels improve. It’s like his body wakes up.”
Community partners lending support
Partnerships with national and local organizations within the Black community are critical to building trust, sharing information and working together to engage new donors to help save lives. Nationally, the Red Cross is thrilled to announce new partnerships with preeminent organizations like the NAACP and 100 Black Men of America, Inc. to raise awareness about sickle cell disease as a persisting and heartbreaking health disparity, and to help patients with sickle cell disease by encouraging blood donations from individuals who are Black.
Upcoming blood donation opportunities Sept. 14-30:
9/15/2021: 9 a.m. - 1:15 p.m., Burroughs Community Center, 2470 Fairfield Avenue
9/15/2021: 12:45 p.m. - 5 p.m., Burroughs Community Center, 2470 Fairfield Avenue
9/21/2021: 9 a.m. - 1:30 p.m., Burroughs Community Center, 2470 Fairfield Avenue
9/25/2021: 7:45 a.m. - 1:45 p.m., Mcgivney Community Center, 338 Stillman Street
9/28/2021: 1 p.m. - 6 p.m., Raymour & Flanigan - Brookfield, 14 Candlewood Lake Road
9/15/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., Ethan Allen Hotel, 21 Lake Avenue Extension
9/20/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., Holiday Inn, 80 Newtown Road
9/22/2021: 1 p.m. - 6 p.m., Hatters Town Park, 7 East Hayes Town Road
9/27/2021: 10:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m., Hatters Town Park, 7 East Hayes Town Road
9/30/2021: 1 p.m. - 6 p.m., Portuguese Cultural Center, 65 Sand Pit Road
9/22/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., Darien VFW Post 6933, 205 Noroton Avenue
9/28/2021: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m., Trinity Baptist Church, 300 North Benson Road
9/28/2021: 12:30 p.m. - 6 p.m., Trinity Baptist Church, 300 North Benson Road
9/29/2021: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m., Scandinavian Club, 1351 South Pine Creek Road
9/23/2021: 1:30 p.m. - 6:30 p.m., New Fairfield Company A Volunteer Fire Department, 302 Ball Pond Road
9/16/2021: 1 p.m. - 6 p.m., Newtown Congregational Church, 14 West Street
9/15/2021: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m., St. Philip's Church, 25 France Street
9/17/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., United Church of Rowayton, 210 Rowayton Avenue
9/22/2021: 8 a.m. - 1:30 p.m., St. Philip's Church, 25 France Street
9/22/2021: 1 p.m. - 6 p.m., St. Philip's Church, 25 France Street
9/28/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., American Legion, 60 County Road
9/30/2021: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m., St. Philip's Church, 25 France Street
9/16/2021: 10 a.m. - 3 p.m., Congregational Church - Ridgefield, 103 Main Street
9/17/2021: 1 p.m. - 6 p.m., Shelton Community Center, 41 Church Street
9/22/2021: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m., Stamford Church of Christ, 1264 High Ridge Road
9/25/2021: 8 a.m. - 1:30 p.m., 800 Long Ridge Road, 800 Long Ridge Road
9/27/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., First Presbyterian Church Stamford, 1101 Bedford Street
9/30/2021: 8 a.m. - 1 p.m., Stamford Church of Christ, 1264 High Ridge Road
9/16/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., Raymond T. Goldbach VFW Post, 100 Veterans Boulevard
9/17/2021: 1 p.m. - 6 p.m., The Church of Jesus Christ Latter Day Saints, 30 Bonnie View Drive
9/21/2021: 10 a.m. - 2 p.m., Westfield Trumbull, 5065 Main Street
9/21/2021: 1:30 p.m. - 6 p.m., Westfield Trumbull, 5065 Main Street
9/23/2021: 9:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m., Insports Centers, 29 Trefoil Drive
9/28/2021: 1 p.m. - 5:30 p.m., Westfield Trumbull, 5055 Main Street
9/22/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., VFW, 465 Riverside Avenue
9/29/2021: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., Christ and Holy Trinity Episcopal Church of Westport, 75 Church Lane
Blood Drive Safety
Each Red Cross blood drive and donation center follows the highest standards of safety and infection control, and additional precautions – including face masks for donors and staff, regardless of vaccination status – have been implemented to help protect the health of all those in attendance. Donors are asked to schedule an appointment prior to arriving at the drive.
Health insights for donors
At a time when health information has never been more important, the Red Cross is screening all blood, platelet and plasma donations from self-identified African American donors for the sickle cell trait. This additional screening will provide Black donors with an additional health insight and help the Red Cross identify compatible blood types more quickly to help patients with sickle cell disease who require trait-negative blood. Blood transfusion is an essential treatment for those with sickle cell disease, and blood donations from individuals of the same race, ethnicity and blood type have a unique ability to help patients fighting sickle cell disease.
Donors can expect to receive sickle cell trait screening results, if applicable, within one to two weeks through the Red Cross Blood Donor App and the online donor portal at RedCrossBlood.org.
How to donate blood
Simply download the American Red Cross Blood Donor App, visit RedCrossBlood.org, call 1-800-RED CROSS (1-800-733-2767) or enable the Blood Donor Skill on any Alexa Echo device to make an appointment or for more information. All blood types are needed to ensure a reliable supply for patients. A blood donor card or driver’s license or two other forms of identification are required at check-in. Individuals who are 17 years of age in most states (16 with parental consent where allowed by state law), weigh at least 110 pounds and are in generally good health may be eligible to donate blood. High school students and other donors 18 years of age and younger also have to meet certain height and weight requirements.
Blood and platelet donors can save time at their next donation by using RapidPass to complete their pre-donation reading and health history questionnaire online, on the day of their donation, before arriving at the blood drive. To get started, follow the instructions at RedCrossBlood.org/RapidPass or use the Blood Donor App.
About the American Red Cross
The American Red Cross shelters, feeds and provides comfort to victims of disasters; supplies about 40% of the nation's blood; teaches skills that save lives; distributes international humanitarian aid; and supports veterans, military members and their families. The Red Cross is a not-for-profit organization that depends on volunteers and the generosity of the American public to deliver its mission. For more information, please visit redcross.org or cruzrojaamericana.org, or visit us on Twitter at @RedCross.