Nuiqsut is located at the head of the Colville River Delta, about 30 miles inland from the BeauLort Sea and 54 miles southeast of Barrow. The Colville River Delta has traditionally been a gathering and trading place for the Inupiat and a good source for hunting and fishing. 92.7% of the population are Natives. A federally-recognized Native organization is located in the community. After 27 Barrow families moved overland to the area, the Arctic Slope Regional Corporation funded construction of the village in 1974. The new residents lived in a tent city for 18 months before permanent housing could be built Nuiqsut was incorporated as a second class city in 1975.